I really think (and I am of course generalising) that we in the West just don’t understand the Arab/Muslim mindset when it comes to life and death. It’s not that life doesn’t matter, I think it’s that they believe that death is just a transition rather than THE end, and this affects their whole attitude to everything.

I don’t think this is remotely representative of the “Arab/Muslim mindset”. More the mindset of people who for several generations now have known nothing but desolation, hopelessness, almost casual murder and their lives being worthless in the eyes of the rest of the world. You, (probably) and I are both lucky enough to not have the foggiest clue what that feels like, though I suspect some of your ancestors knew it only too well.